Do you remember in my last post ‘Can you feel the Vibe?‘ I explained how speed, vibration and energy control all matter in the universe? Click on the link if you missed it because it will help you make sense of this post.
You know that there are 4 officially recognized states of matter. The image above outlines them. I’m sure that you knew about Solid, Liquid and Gas. Maybe you did not realize that the 4th state of Matter is Plasma even though there is more Plasma in the universe than all of the Solid, Liquid & Gas combined. Nebula, Northern Lights, Solar winds, Cosmic rays, Lightning, Flourenscent and neon lights are all example of plasma.
Do you know what the difference is between these 4 states? I’m sure you can guess, I gave it away in my last post.
Yes, you are correct, the only difference between the 4 is the speed of vibration of the building blocks of the matter.
Because speed and vibration are synonymous with energy that means that objects with less energy become more dense.
If you strip the energy out of water you get ice (solid water). Remember also that heat is synonymous with energy. However if you add energy to water your get steam (gaseous water).
So if you have a water molecule (H20) where the vibratory speed is slowed down below a certain point the atoms will bond together forming a solid. If you add energy and therefore increase the vibration of the molecules the bonds holding the ice will begin to breakdown and the H20 will become liquid. If you increase the energy further the vibration of the molecules tears apart the remaining bonds holding it together and the H20 will become gas in the form of steam.
What happens if you increase the energy further? Well if you increase the vibration of the atoms further the bonds of the atomic structure actually fall apart and the atom ionizes releasing its protons (+ve charged particles) and electrons (-ve charged particles), the H2O is no longer H20 but has broken down into Plasma.
So the only difference between a Solid or Liquid, Gas or Plasma is the amount of energy contained within the building blocks of that item of matter. This is true for all elements, compounds and molecules. Add energy (ie vibration) and watch each of them, without exception, move through the phases of matter until eventually ionizing and becoming Plasma. Check out the following chart which shows the full scale of this using temperature as the measuring stick.
This chart shows that no solids exist above 3700 degrees Celsius and that no gases exist above 13,000 Kelvin.
Now I suppose you might be saying, yeah so what, I already knew this stuff. I do apologize if that is the case, but it’s important to form a firm footing of understanding. I agree that the above information is nothing new. The state of matter corresponds to the amount of energy (or the vibration) of the object that we are observing.
However, did you notice something not quite complete about this?
The above information would be fine if what it did was explain ALL matter. But even though we know the above information do you realize exactly how much of the universe we are describing when we talk about the 4 states of matter? Just how much of the universe can be described as being either solid, liquid, gas or plasma? Do you know the answer?
That’s right, for all our wonderful science we understand the nature of approximately 4% of matter.
The rest of the universe is described as either dark matter or dark energy. So as you can see we have big gaps in our understanding of matter in this unfathomably large universe of ours. I guess that means we have many unanswered questions about matter.
Sticking to the 4% of matter we know about for a moment, one question that comes to mind is as follows;
If matter can be transformed from an atomic structure (eg two hydrogen atoms plus one oxygen atom bonded together) into its component parts of protons and electrons to form plasma what is this ‘object’ we are observing?
We are not observing a water molecule. Sure we may describe the object as being ice or liquid water or steam when it is in the 3 lower energy states. But once it gets to plasma we can no longer describe it as a water molecule. So is there a way of describing matter and observing matter so that no matter (pardon the pun) what state (or what vibration rate) it exists in we are observing the same thing?
Ponder that for a moment.
Now let me provide one more piece of information for today.
If increasing the energetic vibration of an atom results in it transitioning from a solid to a liquid to a gas before eventually becoming so energetic that the atom falls apart into its pieces can it happen in reverse? If we take plasma and cool it down (ie strip energy away from it) will it coalesce back into the water molecule? I mean steam can become liquid again and liquid can become solid again. Can plasma become gas again?
Well the answer is yes. We are dealing with electro-magnetic forces here (remember we are electric!!) which are very, very powerful. So it is possible for the separated nucleus of the atom to once more capture the requisite electrons and again become a gas once it loses energy (ie the vibration rates slow down sufficiently).
So it works in both directions, all 4 states of matter are connected. Take a solid, add enough energy (vibration) it will become a liquid. Continue to add energy it will become a gas. Add even more energy and even atomic bonds fall apart and the atom breaks up and hey presto you have plasma and then all the way back again if you want.
It sort of reminds me of the video in my post ‘Ladies & Gentlemen: Our Universe‘. Open up a tab and have a watch, it’s awesome. The white rings you see in the video represent ‘to the power of ten’. Watch that video and think about what we’ve just discussed about matter and its inter-connectedness.
Do you remember that in my post ‘Can you feel the Vibe?‘ I said that there is a universal phenomena that says the smaller an object the faster its relative speed? The simple statement was this:
The bigger the object is, the slower its relative speed appears to be. The smaller the object is, the faster its relative speed appears to be.
Remember the example of an electron whizzing around a proton compared to a planet’s slow dance around a star.
Well I have one final question based on this for today.
If the transition from gas to plasma sees the atom actually break apart as it sheds its electrons than has that not created a smaller piece of matter? I mean separated electrons and protons are smaller by themselves than if they are bound together as an atom. So under the universal principle that means that they are vibrating faster.
If the protons and the electrons kept vibrating at faster and faster speeds would it be possible that they also break apart into something smaller again? We already know that an electron is not the smallest thing at a sub atomic level, quantum physics has proven this. So if the electron speeds up beyond a certain point does it break apart into something smaller again that is vibrating at an even faster rate (smaller = faster remember)?
I’m here to tell you that yes there are things smaller than an electron and yes they do exist and yes they are all around us. There are in fact a spectrum of smaller objects below electron size. It is these smaller objects that are the remaining 96% of the universe and they are everywhere!
However, none of that matters anymore.
Because there is no such thing as ‘matter’ that’s why.
To find out why I make this controversial assertion you’ll have to come and visit me next time, somewhere in Brett’s Future.
Stay tuned as the mysteries of the universe begin to open up.
I am so full of gratitude for your support by reading this post. Don’t miss the next one, it’s bound to intrigue.
May your vibes be ever increasing,
Part 2 now published, click on the link to read: ‘The Story of Matter: Part 2 – There is no Matter‘